"Физика и техника полупроводников"
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Vacancy-donor pairs and their formation in irradiated n-Si
Emtsev V.V.1, Abrosimov N.V.2, Kozlovskii V.V.3, Oganesyan G.A.1
1Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
2Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth, Berlin, Germany
3St. Petersburg Polytechnical State University, St. Petersburg, Russia
Поступила в редакцию: 28 апреля 2014 г.
Выставление онлайн: 21 октября 2014 г.

The present experiments using fast electron and gamma-irradiation are aimed at checking the model of defect formation in oxygen-lean n-Si(FZ) in a quantitative way. Electrical measurements are taken over a wide temperature range of 20 to 300 K. Analysis of equations of charge balance making use of the statistics of charge carriers in non-degenerate semiconductors demonstrates that group-V impurity atoms strongly interact with intrinsic point defects. As a result, the concentration of shallow donor states is markedly decreased. This loss of shallow donors, -delta ND, is accompanied with an increase in the concentration of radiation-produced deep acceptors, +delta NArad, being equal in magnitude but opposite in sign. Such behavior correlates quantitatively with the formation model of donor--vacancy pairs put forward earlier by Watkins and Corbett, what has been proved on the basis of electrical data for the first time. The formation kinetics of these complexes is discussed. Defects of interstitial type in irradiated material appear to be electrically neutral in n-Si. However, their production in the course of electron- and gamma-irradiation is believed to be responsible for drastic changes in the mobility of charge carriers at cryogenic temperatures.
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