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Scintillation mechanisms and limiting factors on each step of relaxation of electronic excitations
Pedrini C.1
1Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Materiaux Luminescents, Unite Mixte de Recherche, Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne cedex, France
Email: PEDRINI@PCML.UNIV-LYON1.FR
Выставление онлайн: 20 июля 2005 г.

Scintillation mechanisms in insulating materials are described in the general case of a simple electronic band structure and in special cases of most interest for applications: rare earth containing crystals and cross-luminescent materials with a more complicated electronic band structure. At each of the three main steps of the energy relaxation, namely (i) creation of electronic excitations, (ii) transfer to luminescent centers, (iii) emission of luminescent centers, factors limiting the performance of the scintillators are identified and the related processes described.
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