Physics of the Solid State
Volumes and Issues
Ferroelectric hysteresis and magnetoelectric effect in orthorhombic Dy1-xHoxMnO3 single crystals
Freydman A. L. 1,2, Horoshiy I. N.1,2, Kolkov M. I.3
1Kirensky Institute of Physics, Federal Research Center KSC SB, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
3Konstantinov Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Gatchina, Russia

In Dy1-xHoxMnO3 single crystals with the orthorhombic space group Pbnm, ferroelectric hysteresis loops were measured for compositions with x=0 and 0.3. As the content of Ho3+ ions increases, the hysteresis loop narrows and for x=0.3 it no longer manifests itself. An analysis of the signal corresponding to the hysteretic behavior of a ferroelectric showed that even harmonics can be obtained only if the hysteresis loop is not symmetric about the abscissa axis. In view of the latter, the hypothesis that the second harmonic of the magnetoelectric effect is a consequence of the complex dependence of the polarization on time due to its hysteresis becomes doubtful. Measurements of the dependence of the inverse magnetoelectric effect on the amplitude of the applied electric field Delta M(E) showed that the first harmonic remains linear with respect to the electric field even in the electric field strength region where the domain structure of the ferroelectric is rearranged. Keywords: multiferroics, ferroelectricity, hysteresis.
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